SMOKING: The Truth Behind the E Cloud
We know that smoking a tobacco cigarette affects your whole body and smoking can have major impact on those around you that breathe in your smoke. Each year 6 million people die from tobacco use and 600 thousand non-smokers exposed to second hand smoke die. (http://www.wpro.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs_201203_tobacco/en/)
The fact is smoking can cause throat, mouth, lung, stomach and kidney cancer as well as having effects on your heart and circulation which can lead to a stroke. The smoke also reduces your taste and smell senses as well as affecting fertility rate and staining fingers and teeth yellow. Children of parents who smoke tend to be more susceptible to breathing problems such as asthma. (http://www.bupa.co.uk/health-information/directory/e/effects-smoking)
In July 2007 it became illegal is smoke tobacco in England in all enclosed work places including restaurants, bars and clubs. Smoking is also illegal on all public transport and on railway stations. Hotels, nursing homes, prisons and airports have designated smoking areas, normally outside. This legislation emphasised the detrimental effects that smoking has on the body and as result encouraged an alternative option to smoking for those that struggled to give up completely; ‘vaping’ and the e-cigarette was about to fill our air space.
E-cigarettes are a hand held battery powered devise, which simulates smoking. The E-cigarette is filled with a liquid that includes nicotine, propylene glycol, glycerine and flavour. This is then heated and the user inhales the vapour; which is known as ‘vaping’. This gives the sensation of smoking to the mouth and lungs.
E-cigarettes are often used as an alternative to smoking cigarettes or for people who are trying to quit smoking. However it is proven that e-cigarettes are not as successful in helping people quit smoking compared with alternative options such as nicotine replacement therapy, hypnotherapy or acupuncture.
There are pro’s to choosing ‘vaping’ over smoking in that it is better for the body than smoking. Research carried out proves that many dependant smokers were able to manage their withdrawal symptoms and cravings through using an e-cigarette. During an online survey in which 3500 people took part, the results showed that ‘96% of people said that e-cigarettes helped them quit smoking, while 92 % felt that e-cigarettes made them smoke less. The majority of the participants said e-cigarettes helped them fight cravings, cope with withdrawal symptoms and avoid relapsing on cigarettes’. (https://www.verywell.com/the-pros-and-cons-of-e-cigarettes-915015)
New research shows although E-cigarettes are deemed healthier, they are actually not regulated and therefore the qualities of nicotine that people are ‘vaping’ into their body is unknown. E-cigarettes come with limited instructions on how to use them and dispose of them. Unlike normal cigarettes there are also no health warnings on the packs.
During a study carried about by CHEST in December 2011 – 40 non-smokers were asked to vape on an E-cigarette for 5 minutes. Their lungs were then tested. Results showed signs of increased impedance, airflow resistance and stress on the lungs. Due to the fact that the average smoker would vape on an E-cigarette more than 5 minutes a day concludes that E-cigarettes can still cause harm to the body. (https://www.verywell.com/the-pros-and-cons-of-e-cigarettes-915015) However E-Cigarettes have not been available long enough to know the true long term affects that ‘vaping’ has on the body.
The World Health Organisation introduced a practical framework convention for control over smoking tobacco – The 6 MPOWER measures are: Monitor tobacco use and prevention policies, Protect people from tobacco use, Offer help to quit tobacco use, Warn about the dangers of tobacco, Enforce bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship, Raise taxes on tobacco. (http://who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs339/en/)
On the 31st May 2016 it is ‘World no tobacco day’. Support their campaign – http://who.int/campaigns/no-tobacco-day/2016/event/en/